Biblical Roots of Mormonism - The Atonement of Christ

Christ on the Cross



The Atonement of Christ eradicates the spiritual effects of sin and with repentance enables full reconciliation with God the Father (Romans 5:10–11). God the Son was perfect in every way, the unspotted sacrificial lamb, and thus the only one capable of performing the infinite Atonement (1 Peter 1:19). 

The Atonement began in the Garden of Gethsemane, where Jesus took upon him the sins of the world and suffered pain “even unto death.” His sweat became as drops of blood, and he begged God the Father, if it was the Father’s will, to allow him to forgo the agony of the Atone­ment (Matthew 26:38–39; Mark 14:34–36). But Jesus moved forward despite his fears and was ministered to by an angel (Luke 22:42–44). 

This is an excerpt from The Biblical Roots of Mormonism by Eric Shuster and Charles Sale. 

Jesus completed the Atonement by dying on the cross (John 19:17–18; Matthew 27:33, 35, 46, 50; Mark 15:22, 25, 34, 37; Luke 23:33, 46). 

Where thousands throughout history have been crucified, only one of them was both God and man. Only one went to his death voluntarily to atone for the sins of the world.

Romans 5:10–11
For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.

1 Peter 1:19
But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.

 John 19:17–18
And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha: Where they cru­cified him.

Luke 23:33, 46
And when they were come to the place, which is called Cal­vary, there they crucified him. . . . And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.

The Resurrected

Three days after his death, Jesus was resurrected through an integrated physical and spiritual process that is beyond human comprehension (Mark 16:6). The spirit of Jesus was reunited with his body in perfection and glory. Jesus showed his disciples his glorified physical body, but they feared he was a ghost (a spirit). He told them that a spirit did not have flesh and bones as he did, and he invited them to touch him to confirm this (Mark 16:6, 9, 12, 14; Luke 24:36–40). To further prove the resurrection of his physical body, Jesus ate a meal with his apostles (Luke 24:41–43) and declared that he would drink the fruit of the vine in his Father’s kingdom (Mark 14:25). After his Ascension to God the Father (Acts 1:9–11), Jesus returned and revealed his resurrected physical body to a chosen few (Acts 7:55–56).

Mark 16:6, 9, 12, 14
[An angel speaking] And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted: Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified: he is risen; he is not here: behold the place where they laid him. Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Mag­dalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils. . . . After that he appeared in another form unto two of them, as they walked, and went into the country . . . Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hard­ness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen.

Luke 24:36–40
And as they [the apostles] thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, peace be unto you. But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit. And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in your hearts? Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have. And when he had thus spoken, he shewed them his hands and his feet.

Luke 24:41-43
And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he said unto them, Have ye here any meat? And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of an honeycomb. And he took it, and did eat before them.

Mark 14:25
Verily I say unto you, I will drink no more of the fruit of the vine, until that day that I drink it new in the kingdom of God.

Acts 7:55–56
But he [Stephen], being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up sted­fastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing [a physical body “stands”] on the right hand of [in a physical position to the right of] God [in a physical body with right and left sides], And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God.

This is an excerpt from The Biblical Roots of Mormonism by Eric Shuster and Charles Sale.